Oriental Rugs have been originally woven or hand knotted in Central Asia and gradually moved into different parts of the eastern world as people and tribes traveled.
Today most popular rugs are from Iran, Turkey, Pakistan, India, China, Egypt and Morocco.
Oriental Rugs were initially woven due to necessity. Earliest rugs have been used as tent covers from the cold, floor coverings in a tent, wall hanging, or a bed covering for the soft and warm feel of wool.
Rugs are a reflection of the way people lived in different times throughout history. Early designs of rugs are very primitive as were first human beings. Tribal rugs are smaller and light weight as opposed to city and palace rugs which were hand crafted to show wealth and prosperity.
Each pattern in a rug has a story and has evolved over centuries. Medallion symbolizes central authority, triangle symbolizes protection from evil eye, tree of life is a longing for eternal life, etc.
Colors used in Oriental Rugs are related to resources as well. Most colors are obtained by boiling plants and yarn in large containers to dye the yarn. Earth tones are very common because of the natural color of the wool and ease of access.
Carpets are woven or hand knotted on a loom. Looms can be vertical or horizontal based on the available space.
There are two main types of knots in Oriental rugs. Single knot which is mostly used in Persian Rugs and double knot which is mainly used in Turkish Rugs.
Tools such as combs, scissors, brush, shear and hooks are used to craft an oriental rugs. Each knot is tied one by one and packed with a comb and cut with scissors.
The quality of an oriental rug can be judged by the density of the knots, the quality of the material and the coloring process. Dense knots, soft wool and natural dyes are the most valuable aspects in a rug.
Maintenance of a rug is very important for the durability of the rug. It should be kept in a dry area, regularly cleaned and checked for rips and tears periodically. It should also be rotated on a regular basis in order for an even wear over time.
Storage of a rug when it’s not used is very important as well. It needs to be aired regularly and kept in a dry and cool place.